Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder

PsychProfiler can be used by individuals, parents, and practitioners to screen for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The Child and Adolescent PsychProfiler (CAPP) allows for three separate respondents when screening – i.e., the child or adolescent, the parent, and the teacher. The Adult PsychProfiler (APP) allows for two separate respondents when screening – i.e., the adult and an observer (e.g., spouse, parent, etc).

What are ADHD symptoms?

At its most generalised description, ADHD manifests with consistent behavioural traits such as inability to sit still, hyperactivity, fidgeting and impulsivity, cognitive traits such as lack of concentration, forgetfulness and short attention spans and mood swings including anger, anxiety, boredom and excitement. However, each individual will have different symptoms unique to their ADHD, as well as different intensities of symptoms – and this can vary depending on their age and gender.

ADHD in children

Child or adolescent ADHD can interfere with everyday activities and schooling, so early diagnosis can make a huge difference towards a treatment and management plan. ADHD has two groups of symptoms – inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive, or they can be diagnosed as a combination of both inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive ADHD. Inattentive symptoms in a child with ADHD include making ‘careless’ mistakes, having difficulty following instructions or remembering to do things and being easily distracted. Hyperactive or impulsive ADHD symptoms include fidgeting, inability to sit still or carry out tasks quietly, excessive talking, impatience and interrupting others.

ADHD in adults

In many cases, ADHD is diagnosed in children with symptoms continuing into adulthood, although for some people, recognition or diagnosis may not come until adulthood. Adult symptoms may not be as clear as they are in children, and some symptoms of hyperactivity can reduce as people age. ADHD symptoms for adults can include impulsiveness, disorganisation and difficulty prioritising, poor time management, trouble multitasking, frequent mood swings and trouble following through on tasks.

Diagnosing ADHD in adults can be difficult as symptoms can be very similar to common anxiety disorders or mood disorders. Many adults with ADHD have other mental health conditions such as anxiety or depression.

ADHD in women vs. men

ADHD can present differently in women and girls compared to men and boys. It is predicted that as children, boys are three times more likely to be diagnosed than girls – however, this is not necessarily because girls are less likely to have ADHD, it is just more difficult to recognise. This is because (generally speaking), ADHD symptoms in boys can be more outward – such as impulsivity and fidgeting, running and physical aggression, whereas ADHD in girls can be more internalised with inattention and low self-esteem. Therefore, ADHD symptoms in girls can be easily overlooked and unnoticed into adulthood.

What is PsychProfiler?

The PsychProfiler helps individuals, parents, and practitioners screen for 20 of the most common psychiatric, psychological and educational disorders in children, adolescents and adults. Screening for these disorders helps to identify a path forward with treatment to help individuals and their loved ones live their most fulfilling and rewarding lives.

Learn more about PsychProfiler here.